At some point in the lives of about 60% of people, there is an experience of having a nosebleeds, even if it happens once. Although it occurs in many people, in most cases it is not a serious matter. However, in some cases, it can become serious and be seen as a symptom of certain complicated diseases.
Who is more prone?
Generally, it happens more frequently in children (between the ages of 2 and 10). Engaging in physical activities, running around often leads to discomfort in the nose. The second group is adults over 45 years old. The clotting time of blood in humans generally increases at this age. Additionally, due to the tendency of nasal congestion in pregnant women, nosebleeds are more common.
Nosebleeds can occur for various reasons. In many cases, the cause cannot be identify. This is call idiopathic or unknown causes. Approximately 60-70% of the causes are unknown.
Among other causes, nosebleed can occur as a manifestation of local or other illnesses.
What to do when nosebleeds
Do not panic if blood comes out of the nose. The nose contains small blood vessels, so a lot of blood can come out. Many people panic upon seeing blood. It becomes difficult to handle the situation when one is panicking.
The patient needs to relax first. The patient should sit on a chair and bend the body and head forward. Then, the patient or someone else, if possible, should press the soft part in front of the nose with two fingers from both sides and keep it closed for five minutes. The mouth should be kept slightly open for breathing.
After five minutes, release the pressure and check if the bleeding has stopped! If it has not stopped, apply pressure again in the same way for 10-15 minutes. Within this time, you should look for the nearest hospital or ambulance. You can use decongestant-nasal drops such as Oxymetazoline, Xylometazoline, etc. The patient’s blood pressure should be checke if they have high blood pressure.
If the bleeding stops, you should follow some rules and regulations for a few days. For example, you should not bend forward to do any work, lift heavy objects, perform strenuous activities, blow your nose forcefully, or clean your nose.
When should you go to the hospital?
– If bleeding does not stop even after 15-20 minutes.
– If the blood flow is excessive.
– If a large amount of blood is lost (equivalent to a cup or more).
– If nosebleeds occur due to an injury or accident.
– If nosebleeds occur repeatedly.
– If a child under 10 years of age has this problem.
Please seek medical attention if you are facing any of the above situations.